This is a section where you get the general idea equipment that you need in Chomolhari Trek. The important and serious part of equipment selection depends on the trekking season, trekking days, and maximum altitude.
Trekkers personal goods such as money purse, cameras, cell phones and the cosmetic items that you need in the day time, while you are hiking. Porter carries others your heavy equipment.
- Day Pack
- Duffel Bag
- Down jacket and sleeping bag
- Upper Body - Head / Ears / Eyes
- A baseball cap can protect your ear and neck from the sunlights.
- Warm wool or synthetic hat that cover your ears
- Balaclava - lightweight, thinner variety
- UV protection glacier glasses with side shields and a hard-sided storage case. In high altitude automatically the atmosphere is thinner than low altitude so, the sunlights are quite strong in the mountain, which affect our eyes. For those people who are wearing the prescription glasses, please requesting you to speaks with your doctor about the prescription glacier glasses.
- Headlamp: Headlamp is a one of the basic for you during the trek because treks are in the mountain where not plenty of electricity is. Make sure to bring extra lithium batteries.
- A pair of liner synthetic/ woolen gloves for the mild days.
- A pair of heavy woolen gloves for morning and evening time.
- A pair shell gloves or mitts Gore-Tex is preferred for keeping hands dry.
- Two cotton t-shirts.
- A synthetic t-shirt.
- Two long sleeve polyesters, light colored shirts for sunny days. V-neck zipper provides additional venting options which are good for changing temperatures.
- A soft shell jacket, water resistant, with insulation, underarm ventilation zippers. The full front zipper is preferable for ventilation.
- A medium to heavyweight expedition down parka w/hood.
- For women two synthetic sports bras, no cotton!
Lower Body – Legs
- Three pairs nylon hiking shorts, not cotton!
- Underwear, stay away from cotton
- Two pairs lightweight long underwear
- Pair soft shell pants - synthetic, full zip from top and bottom preferably
- Two pair trekking pants, preferably that zip on/off at the knees.
- Pair hard shell pants. Waterproof / breathable, Gore-Tex or equivalent is best
- A pair cotton pants
- Especially for the women a full-length skirt.
- At least four pairs of liner socks, synthetic.
- Three pair heavyweight socks to be worn over liner socks
- A pair light weight socks, a good option for the lower / warmer parts of the trail and also on lodges at the time of dinner.
- A pair light to medium weight waterproof hiking/trekking boots. Make sure the size and should have to be avoidable for blister.
- A pair light trekking shoes or sneakers to wear in and about camps or lodge
- Sandals are optional for the trek.
Medicine and First Aid
- Extra Strength Excedrin for altitude related headaches
- Ibuprofen for general aches and pains
- Pepto Bismol capsules for upset stomach or diarrhea
- Diamox (commonly prescribed as Acetazolamide) 125 or 250mg tablets for altitude sickness
Your guides will have more extensive medical gear, but you should have the basics.
Miscellaneous, but Important
- Passport and extra passport photos (4 copies)
- Airline ticket(s)
- Visa (if required and acquired in advance)
- Immunization record
- Durable wallet / pouch for travel documents, money and passport
- Two water bottles one liter wide-mouth Nalgene and one insulator
- Lip balm. At least SPF 20, 2 sticks.
- Sunscreen. SPF 40 is recommended and should be relatively new since it loses its effectiveness over time
- Toiletry kit. Be sure to include toilet paper stored in a plastic bag, hand wipes, and liquid hand sanitizer, towel, soap, etc
- A pair of adjustable trekking poles, this is great for the downhill trek, and even it is listed in optional.
- Favorite snack foods, two pounds for maximum limits.
- Books and other devices for relaxing during the trek and rest time.
- For your records, camera, a DSLR, Go-Pro Cameras.
- Hydration bladder with drinking tube and tube insulator
- A urination bottle for men and a pee funnel for woman, as you might want to avoid that chilly late night trip
- A small stainless steel thermos
The above list guides for you to buy the goods. There are so many options for you, they different brand and version, so it would be better to buy as per your experience. Most of the things are easily available in Kathmandu as well in cheap price.
Please Note: The tight fighting clothing such as made with Lycra can often be offensive to locals. So if you find these items comfortable please kindly wear top of them.
Altitude Sickness Info
Altitude sickness often known as acute mountain sickness (A.M.S.) in general may occur when people ascend too quickly normally in altitudes of over 3000 m. Most people will feel some affect of altitude, shortness of breath and possibly a light headed, which is fairly common. Acute mountain sickness is very different and normally involves a severe headache, sickness and loss of awareness. In almost every potential case there are enough warning signs to take appropriate action.
Our expert and trained guides will advise you about any health requirements and also altitude sickness while you are touring, so you should not worry about it, we do however recommend you get advice from you travel doctor or health advisor before you leave. The following information gives you an idea about high altitude sickness and how to minimize the affects
There are three stages of altitude sickness and symptoms.
1. Normal AMS Symptoms - Should expect but not worry.
Following are the normal altitude symptoms that you should expect but not be worried about. Everybody will experience some or all of these, no matter how slowly they ascend.
- Periods of sleeplessness.
- Need more sleep than normal (often 10 hours or more)
- Occasional loss of appetite.
- Vivid, wild dreams especially at around 2500-3800 meters in altitude.
- Periodic breathing.
- The need to rest/catch your breath frequently while trekking, especially above 3500 meters.
- Runny nose.
- Increasing urination while moving to/at higher altitudes (a good sign)
2. Mild AMS Symptoms - NEVER GO HIGHER
Many people in the high valleys of the Himalaya get mild AMS, admit or acknowledge that you are having symptoms. You need have only one of the following symptoms to be getting altitude sickness.
-Dry Raspy cough.
-Loss of apatite.
-Hard to breath.
What to do if a mild symptom doesn’t go way?
-If you find mild symptoms developing while walking, stop and relax (with your head out of sun) and drink some fluids. Drink frequently.
-If mild symptoms developing while walking, stop have rest, drink some fluids and take 125-250mg Diamox. Diamox generally takes one to four hours to begin alleviating symptoms. Drink more water and consider staying close by.
-If symptoms develop in the evening, take 125-250mg Diamox and drink plenty of fluids again.
-If symptoms partially go away but are still annoying it is safe to take another 250mg Diamox 6-8 hours later.
-If mild symptoms continue getting worse try descending for a few hours which may be more beneficial than staying at the same altitude. Going higher will definitely make it worse. You’re here to enjoy trekking not to feel sick.
3. Serious AMS Symptoms - IMMEDIATE DESCENT
- Persistent, severe headache.
- Persistent vomiting.
- Ataxia (loss of co-ordination, an inability to walk in a straight line, making the sufferer look drunk)
- Losing consciousness (inability to stay awake or understand instructions)
- Mental confusion or hallucinations.
- Liquid sounds in the lungs.
- Very persistent, sometimes watery, cough.
- Difficulty breathing.
- Rapid breathing or feeling breathless at rest.
- Coughing clear fluid, pink phlegm or blood (a very bad sign).
- Severe lethargy/fatigue.
- Marked blueness of face and lips.
- High resting heartbeat (over 130 beats per minute)
- Mild symptoms rapidly getting worse.
Dangerous cases of AMS
High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE)
This is a build-up of fluid around the brain. It In most cases the first five symptoms on the mild and severe lists previously. Coma from HACE can lead to unconsciousness are death within 12 hours from the onset of symptoms, but normally takes 1-2 days to develop. At the first sign of ataxia begin treatment with medication, oxygen and descent. Usually 4 to 8mg of dexamethasone is given as a first does, then 4mg every six hours, Diamox every 12 hours and 2-4 liters /minute oxygen. Descent is necessary but a PAC (portable altitude chamber) bag will often be used first if available.
High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE)
This is an accumulation of fluid in the lungs and is very serious. It is responsible for all the other mild and serious symptoms and it is often accompanied by a mild fever. By far the treatment is oxygen at 4 liters a minute but using PAC (portable altitude chamber) bag treatment is a good substitute. If there is no PAC bag or oxygen then descent will be life saving. HAPE can lead to unconsciousness are death very quick.
Prevention of Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS)
- Allow sufficient time for acclimatization (After 3000 meters).
- Don’t make rapid Ascent. Don’t go too far too fast.
- No Alcohol, Sleeping pills and Smoking.
- Drink more fluid 3-4 Liters a day, clean water-boiled or treated / tea / coffee / soup / juice etc.
- Climb high and sleep low.
- Do not trek/travel alone, take guide/porter.
- Follow the advice from your guide, hotel, local, guide book.
- Descent if mild symptoms rapidly getting worse.
- Never leave or descent sick person along.
- Avoid getting cold.
-Take an easy and comfortable route even if its longer.
First Aid Kit
This is the basic list to cover the more common ailments.
-Bandage for sprains
-Iodine or water filter (optional)
-Moleskin/Second skin - for blisters
-Antiseptic ointment for cuts
-Anti-bacterial throat lozenges (with antiseptic)
-Aspirin/Paracetamol - general painkiller
-Oral rehydration salts
-Broad-spectrum antibiotic (norfloxacin or ciprofloxin)
-Anti-diarrhea medication (antibiotic)
-Diarrhea stopper (Imodium - optional)
-Antibiotic for Guardia or similar microbe or bacteria
-Diamox 250/500mg (for altitude sickness)
-Sterile Syringe set (anti-AIDS precaution)
-Gel hand cleaner.