History and Geography
Bhutan has the archeological evident which indicates Bhutan was dating back to 2000 BC to 1500 BC and Bonism was the main religion before Guru Rinpoche (Padhamsambha) made his legendary trip to Bhutan in 8th century. The visit of Guru Rinpoche, and Buddhist saint and other scholars from Tibet and India marked the medieval Bhutan. Development of ruling clan, arts and architecture were also seen during this period.
After arrived the Lama Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal from Tibet to Bhutan in 1616 CE, he introduced the present dual system of religions and secular government, creating the building of dzongs. The modern period began with the establishment of monarch, the Bhutanese chief, Ugyen Wanchuck crowned the first heredity ruler of Bhutan in 1907.
Bhutanese people are also known as Drukpa, because the Bhutanese history said that the country Bhutan is Druk Yul – Land of Thunder Dragon.
The land-locked kingdom is boundary by Tibetan plateau to north and India from west Bengal to south and east, with the area of 47000sqkm. It is located between 88°45 and 92°10 longitude east and between 26°40 and 28°15 latitude north. The country can be divided into three major geographic zones: southern foothills, plains with hot and humid climate, the hills and valleys in the center with moderate rainfall and the highland of the north with high mountains covered with snow almost throughout the year.