People and Language
Nepal is the richest country in terms of ethnic groups, cultures, and languages. The total population of Nepal is about 30 million. Sherpa lives mainly in the mountain of eastern and central Nepal. According to the history the Sherpa people were migrated from Tibet to northern east of Nepal especially Solukhumbu region about 500 years ago.
Brahimins and Chhetris are simply the highest castes; they are spread generally over most parts of the kingdom. The progeny of Bahun men and hill women were considered Chhetri and a number of high status families from other hill groups have also adopted Chhetri status, so some do have Mongoloid tribal ancestry. Most of the Brahmins and Chhetris are following the Hinduism. The Newars constitute and important ethnic group in the capital valley Kathmandu.
The Gurung and Magars largely live in the western and on the southern slopes of Annapurna, Himalchuli and Ganesh Himal mountains. They often work as Gurkha soldiers in different country including; British, Singapore, Honk Kong and India.
Tamangs are one of the largest Tibet - Burman ethnic group in Nepal. Around half the Himalayan zone of Nepal is inhabited by Tamangs. Many Tamangs have been influenced in their dress by both western and Newari styles. Traditionally, women wear a colorful wraparound skirt, a blouse, jacket and scarf. On important occasion they wear chunky gold or brass ear and nose rings set with semiprecious stones. Men wear loincloths or the traditional Newari pant, short - sleeved jackets and topis. Both men and women wear several miters of cloth wrapped around the waist.
The Thakalis live primarily in Kali Gandaki valley in central Nepal; the Thakalis are a Tibeto Burman people who have become the entrepreneurs of Nepal. Originally Buddhist, many pragmatic Thakalis have now adopted Hinduism.
Tharus, Yadavs, Satar, Rajvanshis, and Dhimals are spread generally in the Tarai region. Tharus are one of the larges ethic group in Nepal.
Most of ethnic groups have their own language, and Nepali is the National Language, which is spoken and understood by everyone but somehow the spoken style is different in various parts of Nepal.